The Judicial Council of the Slovak Republic
The Report of the European Commission Expert Mission and the Slovak Ministry of Home Affairs of November 1997 stated, that one of the basic problems of the Slovak judiciary was ‘nonexistence of the judicial self-governance and – opposite - its total dependence of the executive power.‘ Based on this, an amendment of the Constitution of the Slovak Republic was approved, where the principle of judicial independence and the separation of its administration from other state bodies were stipulated.
The amendment of the Constitution and creation of the Judicial Council resulted in a significant change concerning the position of the general courts of the Slovak Republic. Based on the constitutional change, in the extent specified by law, also the judicial self-governance bodies - the councils of judges - are involved in the management and administration of the courts; the conditions on appointment, removal, transfer of judges are defined.
The constitutor stated that the integration of the Judicial Council into the Chapter 7 of the Constitution highlights its independent position from the legislative and executive power and means the real fulfilment of the constitutional principal of independence and the separation of the judicial power administration from other state bodies.
Art. 141a of the Constitution concerning the Judicial Council of the Slovak Republic was inserted by the constitutional act No. 90/2001 Coll. coming into effect on 1 June 2001.
On 11 April 2002, the National Council of the Slovak Republic approved the Act No. 185/2002 Coll. on the Judicial Council of the Slovak Republic as amended.
The Judicial Council of the Slovak Republic is a body of judicial legitimacy constituted by the Constitution of the Slovak Republic. Competences of the Judicial Council of the Slovak Republic are stipulated by the Constitution in Article 141a, paragraph 4 and by the Act No. 185/2002 Coll. on the Judicial Council of the Slovak Republic as amended.
The main power of the Judicial Council consists in dealing with personnel matters of judges, which is especially to submit candidate nominations of judges to be appointed by the President of the Slovak Republic; to decide on the assignment or transfer of judges, and other competences specified here.
The Judicial Council of the Slovak Republic consists of 18 members - mostly judges but also non-judicial members.
The meeting of the Judicial Council shall be summoned by the President of the Judicial Council when appropriate, however at least once in a month. The Judicial Council decides on each proposal by a vote, while the consent of absolute majority of all its members is needed to adopt the proposal. Meetings of the Judicial Council are public.
The Judicial Council of the Slovak republic approved The Conception of changes in judiciary
Resolution No. 659 regarding the above conception
The Judicial Council of the Slovak republic approved The Resolution No. 502 on the Analysis of the number of courts and on the state of play of the individual agendas on courts
The Judicial Council of the Slovak republic approved new principles of judicial ethics on 17th December 2015 during the last session of 2015 in Košice
The Association of judges of the Slovak republic, the largest voluntary non – political professional organization of judges of the Slovak republic approved new declaration during its General Assembly 2016
The Government´s manifesto in judiciary after new elections in 2016